Spelt and Kamut are heirloom wheat varieties that contain gluten. In recent years, they have been promoted as healthy wheat alternatives. Unfortunately, they are not. Today people suffering from memory fog, overweight and digestive issues do better avoiding all grains, even sprouted grains. People who substitute spelt or kamut for common wheat products typically react to these grains as well!
If you’ve a food sensitivity, restoring your intestinal integrity is the way to resolve it. Whereas, if you simply exchange one type of wheat for another, you’re not getting at the root cause; therefore your digestive symptoms typically resurface.
If, however, you can enjoy spelt and/or kamut with no side effects, then you’ll find that both have a rich flavor and excellent nutritional profile. Spelt is a bread wheat in use since Biblical times. Kamut is a comparably old durum wheat and is unusually high in lipids giving it a buttery taste. Both grains are nutritionally superior to common wheat in both protein and trace minerals.
Spelt is highly water soluble, which means the body can easily absorb its nutrients. Hold a few spelt kernels in your mouth and—unlike other wheat varieties—they immediately soften.
In natural food stores you can find both of these heirloom wheats in breakfast cereals, pasta and baked goods, including bread. It’s also available in whole grain form, as you would buy rice or barley.
Kamut is available as a whole grain flour whereas spelt comes both “whole” and white (refined) flour. Kamut flour makes the best pasta and it’s superior in Indian-style flat breads or a traditional Sicilian bread.
Substitute spelt or wheat flour, cup for cup, for all-purpose or bread flour in any bread recipe. However, for spelt make two adjustments: reduce the amount of water by 25% and reduce the mixing or kneading time by one half.
Whereas a Kamut bread requires more kneading and, as its gluten is less elastic, the addition of coarse ingredients (such as nuts, dried fruit or seeds) tends to tear and, therefore, compromise its leavening power.
May you be well nourished,